Unit Plan vs Lesson Plan
The difference between unit plan and lesson plan is that a lesson plan elaborates, basically, on objectives of a particular lesson and how teaching is planned in a way to achieve those objectives. A unit plan, on the other hand, covers a wider area; a unit that can include many lessons. A unit plan includes goals broken down in terms of lessons, the outline of the content intended to cover and cross-curricular references, etc. A lesson plan is implemented in one class undertaken by a teacher whereas unit plan is applicable to many teachers, and those who play administrative roles in a school and is effective for a semester.
What is a Lesson Plan?
A lesson plan is usually prepared by the teacher who conducts a lesson for students to make sure a lesson meets its objectives and learning takes place effectively. A lesson plan includes lesson objectives, anticipated problems from students, time allocation for each task within the lesson, activity types and interactions that take place during activities such as student-student, teacher–student, and material that will be used for the lesson, etc. Apart from these, a lesson plan may also include personal aims that focus on personal development of the teacher. A well-planned lesson can also be comprised of a board plan that is to be displayed in the class for students to record. Thus, it is clear a lesson plan paves the way for the teacher who conducts the lesson to be well organized beforehand. Not only it is important to assure that the objectives are met and learnings effectively takes place in the class but also lesson planning is important for personal development of the teacher. Furthermore, a lesson plan should eventually be connected to the goals of the unit.
What is a Unit Plan?
A unit consists of many lessons and will be taught for a longer period, for example, a semester. Planning a unit is also a longer process compared to planning a lesson. This is usually undertaken by a sectional head or head of the department and involves discussion with teachers. A unit plan is also important to show the main goals of a study unit and how lessons, evaluations and practical sessions connect to achieve the unit goals. Hence, unit plans are often used for discussions for syllabus reviews as well to explain the skills, knowledge that students are expected to acquire towards the end. A unit plan usually consists of the vision/unit goals, unit content in detail, time allocated for the completion of each stage, how lessons/stages are designed to realize these goals collectively, pre and post-tests and cross-curricular connections, etc.
What is the difference between Unit Plan and Lesson Plan?
Overall, lesson plan and unit plan both enhance the standards of specially secondary and tertiary education by pre-planning to meet lesson and unit objectives. It is noteworthy that,
• Teachers prepare lesson plans in relation to a particular lesson whereas unit plans are for a whole unit and it is often a collective effort led by sectional heads.
• Lesson plans are made taking the goals of units into consideration.
• Lesson plan can include personal aims for teacher development unlike unit plans.
• It is unit plans that are often used in curriculum review since they give a better idea about the big picture specially links between lessons/cross-curricular connections, etc.
In conclusion, it is clear that lesson plans are useful in the preparation for teaching a particular lesson while unit plans are significant in curriculum designing, development and decision making in the long run.