Venue vs Jurisdiction
The word ‘jurisdiction’ is derived from the Latin ‘iuris’ meaning ‘oath’ and ‘dicere’ meaning ‘to speak’. It is the authority granted to constituted legal body or a political leader to deal with legal matters and also to direct justice within the area of responsibility.
Venue on the other hand is the location where a case is heard. It is interesting to note that the venue is either a county or a district in the United States. Venue deals with locality of a lawsuit. In short it can be said that the venue decides the place lawsuit may be filed.
Jurisdiction on the other hand is used to denote the geographical area in which the authority granted to constituted legal body or a political leader to deal with legal matters and to direct justice is applicable. This is the main difference between the two terms venue and jurisdiction.
There are three concepts of jurisdiction, namely, personal jurisdiction, territorial jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction. The authority over a person is called personal jurisdiction. The location of the person is not important when it comes to personal jurisdiction. The authority confined to a bounded place is called territorial jurisdiction. The authority over the subject of the questions pertaining to law is called subject matter jurisdiction.
It is quite important to know that defendants can waive venue at the time of trial. Plaintiffs can waive venue at the time of the trial. This kind of waive is not possible in the case of jurisdiction since jurisdiction is all about authority. As a matter of fact courts may have jurisdiction that is exclusive or shared too.
The court alone becomes authorized to address on legal matters if it is characterized by exclusive jurisdiction over a specified area or territory. On the other hand more than one court can address the matter if a court has shared jurisdiction.
Jurisdiction is the territory within which the authority granted to deal with legal matters and to direct justice.
Venue on the other hand is the location where a lawsuit may be filed; case is heard.
In the case of personal jurisdiction, Venue is not important.