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Difference Between Australian Citizen and Resident

Australian Citizen vs Resident

An Australian citizen and an Australian resident are quite similar, don’t you think? Think again. In the land down under, there is actually quite a difference between the two aside from the assigned terms. So if you are planning to live there, you must know all these.

Australian Citizen

An Australian citizen has all the perks and obligations one can expect from a citizen of a country. He has the right to own an Australian passport and if to travel abroad, he is entitled to get help from an assigned Australian consul in a given foreign country. He is also immune to deportation. Furthermore, he can leave and go back to Australia without hassles from the immigration.

Australian Resident

A resident or a permanent resident is given the responsibility to maintain their resident status by not being out of Australia for really long periods of time. 3 years out of 5 years is okay but a time period longer than that spells trouble. A resident is not also immune to deportation and cannot vote in elections. An upside to being a resident is you can get medical insurance and buy property.

Difference between Australian Citizen and Resident

As specified in the description, one can see many differences between the two. While an Australian citizen can get in and out of the country without any restrictions from the immigration, a resident cannot stay out of Australia longer than three years. An Australian citizen has the right to vote; a resident does not. An Australian citizen cannot be deported unless proven to have acquired his citizenship in a fraudulent manner; a resident can be deported.

So in the country of Australia, there is a really huge a difference between being a citizen of the country and being a mere resident. From rights to perks to just being able to call one’s self an Australian, there are a lot to know and one must understand this if you are planning to inhabit their land.

In brief:

• An Australian citizen has the right to vote; a resident does not.

• An Australian citizen can get in and out of the country freely; a resident need to obtain ‘Resident Return Visa’ if he wishes to travel in and out of Australia after his initial 5 year permanent residency visa expires.

• A resident must not stay out of the country for more than three years. A special visa is applicable that allows stay up to 5 years.

• An Australian citizen has the privilege to seek election to parliament, a resident does not.

• An Australian citizen has the privilege to register children born overseas as Australian citizens by descent.

• Permanent residents do not have the privilege to apply for work in most of the public sector and in the  Australian Defence Force.

• An Australian citizen cannot be deported unless proven to have acquired his citizenship in a fraudulent manner; a resident can be deported.


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