Fascism vs Socialism
Fascism and Socialism are two schools of thought that differed from each other when it comes to their principles and concepts. Fascism is an authoritarian, nationalist political ideology. On the other hand, socialism is an economic system in which the means of production are either owned by the state or owned commonly but cooperatively controlled. This is the main difference between the two terms.
Fascism supports totalitarian single party state and it is for establishing physical education, indoctrination and family policy as the various means of mobilization of a nation. It is interesting to note that fascism was founded by Italian national syndicalists during World War I.
As a matter of fact, fascism supports the use of paramilitary groups or organization to fight the opponents. Fascism is described as anti-communist, anti-democratic, anti-parliamentary, anti-liberal, anti-individualist and anti-conservative too. On the other hand, fascism appears as a distinctive type of anti-capitalism. It does not support materialism and hierarchy. It is important to know that fascism opposes liberalism to a great extent.
On the other hand, socialism believes in production for use and hence it recommends direct allocation of economic inputs to reach economic goals and human needs. It is interesting to note that the word fascism is derived from the Latin ‘fasces’ It is a symbol of the authority of the civic magistrate in Rome. In fact, this symbol suggested strength through unity. Thus, fascism aims at strength through unity.
Socialism is of two types namely the traditional socialism and modern socialism. Modern socialism began only in the 18th century. Socialism developed as a political system too wherein it includes several political philosophies. On the other hand, fascism was discussed at length in the past by historians, political scientists and other scholars. These are the important differences between fascism to socialism.